ISWA Crisis: Political Suppression SWSSC

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ISWA illegally arrested three members of SWSSC on September 12, 2017, in Baidoa, Somalia.

The victims were doing groundwork and venue preparation for the upcoming SWSSC conference. The purpose of the conference was to present and update the public with the work of SWSSC which are; promoting good governance, human rights, and humanitarianism. The victims were (pictured):

Nur Mohamed Moalin, known as Bukurow (right) – SWSSC representative in Baidoa

  • Abdullahi Shirfow (center) – SWSSC member
  •  Mohamed Nur Aden (left) – SWSSC member

By arresting and keeping the victims in jail more than ten days, ISWA broke Article 32(2) of its own constitution in which “Every person who is arrested has the right to be brought before a competent court within 48 hours of the arrest”.

ISWA also violated Article 35(5) of the Federal Republic of Somali constitution in which “Every person who is arrested has the right to be brought before a competent court within 48 hours of the arrest.”

Recent developments in Baidoa evidence willful disregard of fundamental human rights by ISWA. The recent ISWA decree, limiting free expression and peaceful assembly, remains a flagrant violation of International Laws.

For example, the decree violates International Covenants on many of the Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) .

Chief amongst those are: ICCPR Article 25 “The right to political participation”, ICCPR Article 19 “The freedom of opinion and expression”, ICCPR Article 21 “The right to peaceful assembly” and many more.

 

  1. In this issue
  • INTRODUCTION SWSSC
  • GOOD GOVERNANCE
  • Cost of Living, Gulf
  1. Position, Security,
  2. Constitution Violations
  • HUMAN RIGHTS
  • Political Suppression
  • HUMANITARIAN
  • IDPs
  • Xassan Huburow
  1. Editorial Staff:
  2. Mohamed A. Mohamed

nl@swsomaliasalvation.org

RIIX HALKA HOOSE SI AAD U AKHRISATO

www.swsomaliasalvation.org

    Baidoa, Somalia

 SWSSC NEWSLETTER

SEPTEMBER  2017

Informative | Transparent | Factual

Introduction – SWSSC

South West Somalia Salvation Council (SWSSC) is an advocacy group for the people of South West Somalia (SWS) in order to safeguard and prosper them. SWSSC focuses Good Governance, respect for Human Rights, and

Humanitarian efforts.

In Good Governance, SWSSC works to eliminate corruption and mismanagement, but promotes security, justice, and political participation. In Human Rights, the goal of SWSSC is to end all forms of human rights violations. In the Humanitarian efforts; SWSSC would like to see the end of famine, malnutrition, illiteracy, diseases, and poverty.

SWSSC believes without Good Governance, respect for Human Rights, and Humanitarian efforts, terrorism will take root in SWS and mass migrations.

Good Governance, respect for Human Rights, and Prosperity is difficult achieving. Thus SWSSC encourages the people of SWS to stand and support these efforts by participating in the political process; humanitarian efforts; and reporting, condemning any type of human rights violations.

SWSSC welcomes ideas and opinions on how to best salvage t h e p e o p l e o f S W S b y s e n d i n g a n e m a i l t o nl@swsomaliasalvation.org.

Readers can download this and past newsletters at our

website: http://swsomaliasalvation.org/index.php/newsletter/

 

GOOD GOVERNANCE

Cost of Living in South West Somalia

SWSSC will share any important information that needs action with the Interim South West Administration (ISWA), the people of South West Somalia (SWS), and all concerned stakeholders. For example, ISWA should investigate the cost of airline tickets to/from SWS cities; why is the ticket to Mogadishu-Hudur cost more than the one to Mogadishu-Hargeisa when the distance from Mogadishu to Hudur is shorter than that to Hargeisa?

Round Trip Airline Ticket Mogadishu to Hudur     = $300 (372 km)

Round Trip Airline Ticket Mogadishu to Hargeisa = $255 (848 km)

Gulf Position

SWSSC deeply regrets the decision by ISWA led by President Sharif Hassan to release a communique that contradicts with the decision by Somali Federal Government to stay neutral to the conflict of our brothers: Saudi’s coalition and Qatar. The communique by the administration violates the Somali Federal Government (SFG) constitution, Article 54(A), which sets the SFG as the sole authority in the matters concerning Foreign Affairs.

SWSSC held a press release condemning the action by ISWA, and clarifying that Sharif Hassan is not representing the views of the South West Somalia communities. SWSSC believes that President Sharif Hassan’s decision is for his own business and self-gain.

Security

Overall, the situation in SWS regions has not improved. Civilian killings and other crimes are continuing to take place in all three regions: Lower Shabelle, Bay, and Bakool. Lower Shabelle tops the criminal cases of different nature among the three regions. SWSSC compiles monthly security report and distributes them to appropriate entities within Somalia and international institutions.

The main security differences of the three regions are that Bay and Bakool regions have a very good number of well trained military and police who are fighting with only Al Shabaab, whereas Lower Shabelle has limited and untrained local militias who are fighting both Al Shabaab, and non-local militia occupying the region by force and operating in the name of Somali National Army (SNA) with national weapons and uniforms. In that regard, SWSSC advises the Somali Federal Government to enlist  and train enough local inhabitants as military and police for Lower Shabelle region.

Crimes in South West Somalia regions between 30 August  –  30 September 2017

Lower Shabelle 

Name  Crime Location Date
Farmer- Abdi Hassan Amaan Killed Gariir-kuullow village 30 August 2017
Farmer- Mohamed Abukar Fareey Injured Gariir-kuullow village 30 August 2017
Quranic school teacher- Ahmed Hassan Mohamed

(Ahmad Madowe)

Injured Merka 30 August 2017
Peace Seeker Nuradiin Abdullahi Aweys Killed Afgoi 02 September 2017
Unnamed driver Killed Qoryoley 03 September 2017
12 shopkeepers Beaten Bariire 05 September 2017
Business – 12 Shops Looted property Bariire 05 September 2017
Trader – Haawa Maamoow Osman Raped then killed Merka 06 September 2017
SNA soldier Killed Caddow-dibelle 10 September 2017
2 charcoal burners  Killed one injured other Muuri village 11 September 2017
Cabdi Abow Axmed Injured Muuri village 11 September 2017
Shariif Shoolli family Chased from their home Merka 16 September 2017
Shariif Shoolli wife Beaten Merka 16 September 2017
Abdifatah Deeqoow (Lower Shabelle Governor driver) Killed Afgoi 17 September 2017

Bay

Innocent people in a bar 4 killed with suicide

bombing

Baidoa 06 September 2017
6 Aid workers abducted South of Baidoa 11 September 2017
A house attacked with hand grenade Injured18 year old girl Baidoa 11 September 2017
Nuur Mohamed Moalin

(Bukurow)

Mohamed Nuur Aden

Abdullahi Shirfow (Dubey)

Shot, threatened to death then arrested Baidoa 12 September 2017

Bakool

Widow Killed Huddur 06 September 2017
Traveler Killed Between Huddur and Abaq beedaay village 06 September 2017

September security update can be downloaded from SWSSC website: http:// swsomaliasalvation.org/index.php/security/

Constitutional Violations

On September 12, 2017, ISWA issued a new decree banning any gatherings by SWS communities in SWS territories. This new decree goes against Article 24(1) of ISWA constitution “the rights of peaceful assembly and rights to peaceful demonstration.”

The new ISWA decree also violates the constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia Article 16 “Freedom of Association,” Article 18 “Freedom of Expression and Opinions,” Article 20 “Freedom of Assembly, Demonstration, Protest and Petition,” and Article 22 “Right of Political Participation.”

ISWA issued the new decree after a meeting presided over by President Sharif Hassan. In that decree, ISWA claimed, “Because of the deteriorating security situation, ISWA is banning any type of gathering to be held in SWS territories.”

Since its inception, President Sharif Hassan held few cabinet meetings due to president’s frequent unexplained trips. Moreover, the security situation in South West Somalia territories was no better than when ISWA issued the new decree banning any type of gatherings. Therefore, is President Sharif Hassan too worried about the discontent of the SWS population and the lack of progress by his administration? Why did President Sharif Hassan not think about the security situation during his three-year tenure? In its reports, SWSSC has documented all of the civilian killings and human rights violations that occurred in SWS territories.

HUMAN RIGHTS

Political Suppression

ISWA illegally arrested three members of SWSSC on September 12, 2017, in Baidoa, Somalia. The victims were doing groundwork and venue preparation for the upcoming SWSSC conference. The purpose of the conference was to present and update the public with the work of SWSSC which are; promoting good governance, human rights, and humanitarianism. The victims were

(pictured):

  1. Nur Mohamed Moalin, known as Bukurow (right) – SWSSC representative in Baidoa
  2. Abdullahi Shirfow (center) – SWSSC member
  3. Mohamed Nur Aden (left) – SWSSC member

By arresting and keeping the victims in jail more than ten days, ISWA broke Article 32(2) of its own constitution in which “Every person who is arrested has the right to be brought before a competent court within 48 hours of the arrest”.  ISWA also violated Article 35(5) of the Federal Republic of Somali constitution in which “Every person who is arrested has the right to be brought before a competent court within 48 hours of the arrest.”

Recent developments in Baidoa evidence willful disregard of fundamental human rights by ISWA. The recent ISWA decree, limiting free expression and peaceful assembly, remains a flagrant violation of International Laws. For example, the decree violates International Covenants on many of the Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) . Chief amongst those are: ICCPR Article 25 “The right to political participation”,  ICCPR Article 19 “The freedom of opinion and expression”, ICCPR Article 21 “The right to peaceful assembly”  and many more.

The Federal Republic of Somalia signed and ratified these conventions on behalf of the country. The international conventions are legally binding on Federal and State administrations. Violation of these rights are redressable in a court of law. SWSSC calls on ISWA to refrain from further violations. SWSSC reminds ISWA to provide a meaningful remedy and administrative venue for its atrocious injuries on Somali citizens.

HUMANITARIAN

IDPs

Majority of Internal Displaced Peoples (IDPs) inside Somalia including Somaliland stem from South West State regions. The situation for these IDPs is dire and needs immediate actions. In her report “The GateKeepers”, reporter and producer Sara Jerving indicated that the situation of one of these IDPs camps located in KM 13 in the outskirts of Mogadishu, had not improved for the camp’s inhabitants. Starvation and illness persist at high rates despite food and medical deliveries. Ms.

Jerving continues and explains that one of the impediments, that humanitarian groups have to access the IDPs, centers around “gatekeepers” which she describes as self-appointed middlemen between humanitarian groups and IDPs.

Without accountable entity that provides security to these camps, the humanitarian sector will have even hard time reaching and helping the IDPs. Therefore SWSSC strongly appeals to ISWA to deploy security personnel to these camps.

Xassan Huburow

SWSSC encourages the people from SWS to participate and help the ongoing effort to aid our brother, legend, and poet Xassan Huburow.  Xassan Huburow has not been feeling well lately; we pray to Allah to heal him (Aamiin). Anyone who wants to assist can contact:

Abdalla Elay  Tel: +252 61 208 0808

References:

https://www.devex.com/news/the-gatekeepers-to-providing-aid-in-somalia-90754

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